The department was set up in 1930 by the eminent scientist O. Birulia. As of 1932–1933 the Department had three specialized classrooms of improved roads, earth roads and road maintenance, as well as a laboratory of soil science and soil mechanics. They were equipped with appropriate visual models and devices.

Under the guidance of Honored Worker of Science and Technology of Ukraine, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor O. Birulia the fundamental scientific research into the most important problems of the road branch was carried out at the department.